Title: Turner syndrome

What is Turner syndrome? — Turner syndrome is a genetic problem that affects only girls. It keeps a girl from growing normally and from developing normal ovaries. It can also cause problems with the kidneys, heart, and other organs.

What are the symptoms of Turner syndrome? — Girls with Turner syndrome can:

●Be short
●Have a square-shaped chest
●Be born with swollen or puffy hands and feet
●Have a webbed neck
●Have nipples that are far apart
Girls with Turner syndrome do not have normal ovaries so they do not go through puberty on their own. That means they do not form breasts or have periods unless they are treated with female hormones. They also do not grow as much as they should unless they take growth hormone shots.

Girls with Turner syndrome are usually as smart as those without the condition, but they can have trouble with certain types of mental tasks. They can also have other problems, including:

●Heart problems
●Kidney or liver problems
●Thyroid disease
●Hearing loss and ear infections
●Eye problems
Is there a test for Turner syndrome? — Yes. If a doctor or nurse thinks a child might have Turner syndrome, he or she can order a blood test to look for the genetic problem that causes it.

How is Turner syndrome treated? — There is no way to cure Turner syndrome, but there are ways to reduce the problems it causes. Girls can be treated with hormones to help them grow to a normal height and to go through the changes that normally happen at puberty. At various points throughout their lives, they must also be checked for the problems that Turner syndrome can cause. This involves hearing tests, many different blood tests, and some tests to check the condition of the heart. If any of those problems happen, they must get treated for those as well.

What if my daughter wants to have children? — Even with treatment, many girls with Turner syndrome can’t have children when they grow up. Some can get pregnant with a special treatment called “in-vitro fertilization,” which uses another woman’s eggs. If your daughter wants to have children, when she is ready, she should ask her doctor what her options are.

What will my child’s life be like? — Girls with Turner syndrome need special medical attention all of their lives. But very few girls with Turner syndrome get the medical care they need when they are adults. When your child grows up, make sure she understands that she should keep getting check-ups every year. The doctor should check her for signs of:

●Heart problems
●Thyroid disease
●High cholesterol
●Liver problems
●Hearing loss
●Eye problems
●Osteoporosis (a condition that weakens bones)

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